Sailors of the Black Sea Fleet defend their right to receive a daily allowance “for the war”.
The fact that the Russian military personnel involved in the operation of the AeroSpace Forces in Syria, is “rowing money with a shovel,” goes a lot of rumors and speculation. There, they say, an ordinary contractor receives 200 thousand rubles, and officers generally drip 300-400 rubles per card. And they pay daily allowances in foreign currency – 43 and 62 dollars daily. In principle, something like this turns out – war is not a cheap pleasure, and the participants in the hostilities themselves, in addition to fulfilling their duties, try to improve their financial situation at the expense of combat payouts, which are sometimes called “grave”. There is nothing wrong with that – it is a payment for risk. True, each risk is different, but it is not reflected in the financial statement.
The subject of “Syrian” payments to servicemen surfaced now after the crew members of the three ships of the Black Sea Fleet demanded payment of daily subsistence allowance for business trips to Syria, and after refusing to file a class action lawsuit. According to 27 officers and contract sailors owed them payments in the amount of 200 to 300 thousand rubles each. However, the Sevastopol Garrison Military Court rejected the claim on the grounds that the cruise on the ship, according to the order of the Minister of Defense, is not a business trip, therefore per diem sailors for participating in military operations in Syria are not allowed. Here is what a hidden problem is – this order was signed in 2011, and the beginning of a military operation of the RF Armed Forces is September 2015.
That is, according to all the regulatory and official documents of the Ministry of Defense, the military operation in Syria continues to the present and it lists all categories of participants, including the indication of financial payments. The sailors didn’t get on this list – either they simply forgot about them, or they thought that it’s not such a big risk to deliver military cargo to the Syrian port of Tartus (Russian Navy base), to perform tasks as part of the operational connection of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean the sea or carry out mine patrols off the coast of Syria, such as the sea-sweeper “Kovrovets”, whose officers and sailors were among those who filed the lawsuit.
According to the documents, it turns out that Navy ships do not take part in hostilities, but only carry out their daily tasks. And these tasks as part of the crews of the ships are not a business trip; accordingly, the seafarers are not entitled to a daily allowance, but a monthly surcharge for performing tasks directly related to the risk to life and health in peacetime. If the Minister of Defense had signed an order that the sailors were participating in the military operation in Syria along with the pilots, ground specialists, special forces, sappers and the military police, then such a misunderstanding would not have occurred. But Minister Sergei Shoygu did not sign such an order, believing that the fleet was not taking part in the hostilities.
- Really there is no basis for the right to receive so-called daily allowances for sailors, – lawyer Alexander Yampolsky believes.
– Both commanders and financial services in this case are guided by the clause of the order of the Minister of Defense, in which it is established that per diems are not paid to servicemen for participating in ship cruises, and performing special tasks in a distant operational zone is not a business trip. Therefore, there are no grounds for subsistence payments. It would be another matter if the sailors went ashore to perform certain tasks, for example, cargo escort. But for this, an order would be necessary for the commander for a unit, either a ship, or a military base, or some other chief endowed with similar powers. Here, there were no grounds for the financial authority to charge payments, so the claim of the seamen was rightly recognized as unreasonable and not subject to satisfaction.
For participants in a military operation in Syria, daily subsistence allowance is a significant addition to the salary – the prescribed $ 62 a day is about 125 thousand rubles for an officer and 86.6 thousand rubles for a private sergeant of contract service, whose daily allowance is $ 43 a day. Plus a double salary for participation in hostilities, which, for example, a lieutenant who receives 55,000 in Russia, increases to 110,000 rubles. As a result, about 235 thousand per month. Money for food is deducted from this amount, but there may be additional premiums – for long service, qualification degree, work with particularly important information, service in conditions of unhealthy health, heroism, a state award, successful performance of service, excellent physical form and even Foreign language skills.
The staff officers arriving for inspections and inspections of subordinate units from Moscow, the Southern Military District and the Black Sea Fleet also receive daily allowances for a business trip to Syria. The calculation is made from the sounded 62 dollars in terms of rubles, which are paid before leaving for a business trip. The officers should eat out of this amount at their own expense, including in the military canteen, but many save and are “fed” from their subordinates.
In Afghanistan, while a limited contingent of Soviet troops was there, payments to servicemen were made as follows: two salaries according to position and rank, one of which could be paid to family members. From the second, 80 rubles were “converted” into Vneshposyltorg checks and handed out – for a junior officer, this turned out to be 330 checks (in Moscow they could be exchanged at a rate of 1 to 2, or even 1 to 3). As a result, a triple salary, while daily allowances for the current composition were not provided, they were replaced by checks. Officers sent for a short period from the Union received the same calculation, but only by the number of days spent in Afghanistan, which was also a good addition to the salary.
The “gray” payment scheme was a financial allowance system, for example, in Abkhazia, where per diems in foreign currency were also paid (Abkhazia was then still considered abroad). The servicemen needed to confirm the fact of participation in hostilities, which was determined by the unit commander. Fought – get it. In this situation, there were many violations, when the list sometimes included the “necessary” and loyal to the commander people, and not the real participants in the hostilities. Something similar existed in Chechnya, where they saved on “combat” and the additional payments were limited, say, 50 percent of the personnel was worthy, and the remaining half was satisfied with the usual salary.
Seamen of the Black Sea Fleet performing missions in Syria were simply unlucky – the Ministry of Defense “forgot” about the participation of the fleet in the military operation and did not define their status as participants in hostilities and made it impossible to be seconded to participate in specific missions with corresponding daily payments. . From a legal point of view, they are not currently entitled to such payments. The situation can be corrected only by the Minister of Defense Shoygu, if by his order he equates the sailors with the other participants of the military operation.