Sohu.com, the largest Chinese online news publication, reported on one powerful weapon that Russians don’t show at parades. It can turn the tide of the war. But at the same time, its appearance is not as impressive as that of tanks, anti-aircraft missile systems, multiple launch rocket systems, intercontinental ballistic missiles. So the unprepared spectator will not make the proper impression. And from the eyes of a trained viewer who is interested in Russian military secrets, it must be protected. Because some of these complexes in the photographs show only in part. Full picture is able to provide potential opponents with invaluable information.
We are talking about weapons of electronic warfare (EW). Sohu.com mentions the latest EW Murmansk-BN complex, which is capable of sending interference in a radius of up to 2 thousand kilometers.
– It’s worth understanding, – writes the Chinese edition, “what it means for the high-tech West, where dependence on EW means has reached the point that, without electronics, NATO troops cannot fight. Just pressing the launch button of such a complex would be enough to change the course of the war. ”
And you can not argue with that. This is well understood in the United States. During various exercises, the American command repeatedly checked the level of combat capability of troop formations at the level of infantry brigades without the use of communications equipment and high-tech electronic equipment. It turned out that in this case the American troops completely lose their combat capability. Sohu.com quotes a statement by a US officer who claimed that it was easier for ancestors to defeat Nazi Germany in the absence of GPS, satellite phones and guided missiles.
NATO forces have already felt the power of Russian EW weapons: “During the exercises in the Baltic Sea and military operations in the Middle East, which took place from the end of last year to the beginning of this year, they were heavily disturbed, and the source of the signal remained unknown. Suddenly the radar displays of warships and aircraft of Americans flashed with snowflakes. They knew that it would not be possible to establish the source of interference, because the electronic attack does not leave traces like shell fragments, but in the depths of their souls they knew that only the Russians could do it.”
However, there is another side to the problem – EW weapons in Russia are much more developed than in the USA. And the Americans are well aware. So, the commander of the US Air Force in Europe, Brigadier General Frank Gorenck, admits that Russia’s achievements in the field of EW bring to naught all the advantages of high-tech weapons that are used in the armies of NATO countries. Because the latest Russian electronic weapons completely paralyze the functioning of American electronics mounted on missiles, airplanes, ships and tanks.
Lieutenant General Ben Hodges, commander of NATO forces in Europe, is equally grim at the problem of the American lag in this area of military equipment: “The Russian EW units have exorbitant capabilities.”
Laurie Bakhut, the former head of the EW of the US Ground Forces, is very familiar with the specific reason for such a blatant lag: “Our main problem is that we have not fought in the conditions of communication suppression for several decades, so we have no idea how to act in such a situation. We have no tactics and algorithm of actions, we are absolutely not prepared for the conduct of hostilities in the absence of communication. The United States does not have as many EW capabilities as Russia does. We have a very good radio intelligence, and we can wiretapping around the clock, but in order to remove the equipment out of order – here our capabilities are not as good as one-tenth of the same indicators.”
In Russia, they created a new generation of EW. It does not use blunt suppression of enemy signals by high power radiation, which requires a large set of antennas to cover the entire frequency range. Modern means of detection and digital processing allow you to get an exact copy of the enemy’s signals. At the same time, a similar signal is sent in response, in which, however, the most important parameters are changed. False signal in distorted form is returned to the enemy. Which leads to disruption of electronic circuits. Such opposition was called “non-energy interference.”
Russia’s achievements in the field of EW are based on many research and development projects carried out in the country. Some of them ended with the receipt of finished products adopted for service. And this part is very significant – two dozen complexes entered the army in this decade: Borisoglebsk-2, Alurgit, Mercury-BM, Infauna, Krasukha-4, Moscow-1, Parodist “,” Lorandit-M “,” Leer-3 “,” Lesochek “,” Less “,” Magnesium-REB “,” Pole-21 “,” Khibiny “,” Vitebsk “,” Murmansk-BN “,” Samarkand ”,“ Divnomorye ”,“ Valeria ”,“ Tirada-2C ”.
The Chinese edition, which mentioned the Murmansk-BN complex, greatly underestimated its capabilities. This coastal complex, conducts radio reconnaissance, intercepts enemy signals and their suppression over the entire short-wave range at a distance of not up to 2,000 km, but 5,000 km. “Murmansk-BM” is located on seven KAMAZ vehicles. The antenna complex is mounted on four 32-meter supports in 72 hours.
In the series of EW there are top secret. Such, for example, was adopted by Samarkand in 2016. Not only its characteristics, but also the purpose was not officially disclosed. The complex is implemented in the Baltic Fleet, in the Kaliningrad region, in a number of other regions of Russia, and also in Belarus.
It must be said that the field of military radio engineering, dealing with the problems of electronic warfare, is developing very dynamically. Accordingly, the new complexes begin to replace the previous ones at intervals that are insignificant by the standards of the duration of the operation of military systems. The famous complex “Krasukha-4”, which is now being used in Syria, in the foreseeable future will begin to be crowded out with the complex “Divnomorye”, which was put into service last year.
Moreover, “Divnomorye” replaces simultaneously two mutually complementary complexes – “Moscow-1”, carrying out radio reconnaissance within a radius of 300 km, and “Krasukha-4” of the same range, which creates interference effects on the enemy’s electronic systems.
The Divnomorye complex collects information within a radius of 300 km about the sources of electromagnetic radiation of the enemy, which include airplanes, homing missiles, radar mobile and stationary air defense systems, radio transmitters and other objects emitting radio waves. In this case, the analysis of signals, direction finding and classification of their sources.
Based on the data obtained on the enemy’s electronic systems, they are suppressed using address interference. At the same time, the complex does not affect its systems operating in the Divnomorya area of operation. It is designed to cover the command posts, groups of troops, military, industrial and administrative facilities.
Divnomorye, like Krasukha-4, is capable of blinding not only enemy fighters, bombers and helicopters, but also ground-based radar, AWACS aircraft and even military satellites in low orbit.
Various Russian EW systems are capable of solving a wide variety of tasks. These include GPS satellite signal suppression, determining cell phone location coordinates of numbers of interest for the purpose of launching a missile or artillery strike, blocking remote fuses of artillery ammunition, detecting and tracking airborne targets in a passive mode, protecting aircraft against ground-to-air and air missiles -air “and much more.