Events in Syria entered a new phase after the Iran-Israel military clash in the south. It will create a new map, which will be considered the most significant since the beginning of the Syrian revolution. Air strikes were carried out on the top ten sites in the south of the country and near Damascus, which was not for about 45 years. Iran’s response has become the most serious for all time, as it concentrated its attacks on targets in the occupied Golan.
After the expansion of the Iranian intervention in Syria, threats and promises came from Israeli and Iranian officials. The confrontation between the two sides in Syria was hardened after the air strike on 10 May. Israel has not stopped striking missile strikes in recent months, but its previous attacks were sudden and less powerful.
Regardless of the scale of the attack and its consequences, the political context was the most important moment at the meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The cornerstone in their relations is the fate of Iran in Syria in the next stage, especially after the “demarcation of borders” between the Syrian regime and the opposition is completed.
Many political analyzes that followed the military confrontation and the prospect of escalating tension in Iranian-Israeli relations say that Iran is in an unenviable position due to Russia’s imposed aspirations to remain the only force in Syria and Israel’s aspirations to win the stage of the separation of power.
The interests of Russia and Iran did not coincide in the last years of the war in Syria. However, they are both allies of the Syrian regime and President Bashar Assad, while the opposition is considered by opposition military groups. Both sides formed an alliance to guide the military operations on the ground. He played a major role in the return of large territories under the control of the Syrian regime. Their alliance is not limited to battles, but is accompanied by a joint struggle in the political arena.
However, after seven years the situation changed. Russia is neutral with regard to Israeli strikes against Iran in Syria and stated that it will not interfere to support any party. The Israeli press regarded this approach as a “green light” that was given to Israel during Netanyahu’s recent visit to Moscow to neutralize Iran’s influence in Syria and the “southern” gates of the country where Iran is trying to exert pressure through various militias linked to the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.
At the end of the meeting with Putin, Netanyahu confirmed that Russia would not intervene to prevent Israeli strikes against Syria.
Such a clash was expected in light of Iran’s growing influence and Israel’s fears that Iran would form an armed front along the border in the occupied Golan, like the Lebanese Hezbollah.
The Palestinian expert Adnan Abu Amer believes that Israeli calculations about the Iranian presence should be smashed by a powerful blow.
Abu Amer in an interview for Einab Balyadi confirmed that there is a mutual understanding between Russia and Israel regarding military strikes. He said that the Russians are not satisfied with the presence of Iranian influence in Syria, especially since Putin wants to have the most weighty word in the Syrian arena.
In late 2017, Iran became a prominent force in the Syrian south, ignoring the agreements of other countries: Russia, the United States, Jordan and Israel.
In mid-2017, a report by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) states that “Iran has become the main and fundamental problem facing Russia in Syria. He reduced the chances for achieving Russian interests. ”
“Russia views Iran as an unstable state whose behavior can not be foreseen,” MEMRI reports and predicts the success of the actions that US President Donald Trump is following in the fight against Iran.
Further in the report it is said that at present the Russians are trying to gradually eliminate the influence of the Iranian state in Syria. MEMRI noted the Iranians’ confidence that “Russians are interested in leaving them for other interests.”