Russian submarines deprive the US cities of a good night’s sleep. As it was before the INF Treaty.
NATO is seriously concerned about the steadily increasing activity of the Russian Navy submarines in the North Atlantic and the Norwegian Sea in recent years. This was stated by the press secretary of the alliance Oana Lungescu.
According to her, the peak of the intensity of operations of our submariners in this region, which is most important for the security of the United States and Western Europe for the entire post-Soviet period, falls precisely in 2019.
– During the operation around Norway, only in October, the western military alliance simultaneously watched up to ten Russian submarines, – said Lungescu.
It is clear that in this case, Mrs. Lungesku has in mind the sensational report two months ago by the sensational message of the Norwegian television and radio company NRK. Let me remind you: referring to sources in the military intelligence of this country, NRK in October stated: “Up to 10 Russian submarines are participating in the operation. Eight of them are atomic. The task of a part of the submarines is to get out to the Atlantic as far as possible without being discovered. ”
And further: “A large number of submarines of the Russian Northern Fleet over the past week attempted to quietly leave their bases on the Kolsky Peninsula in the Barents and Norwegian Seas.” According to NATO experts interviewed by Norwegian journalists, during a 60-day operation, Russian submarines practiced a massive breakthrough of the Western Allies’ anti-submarine defense line in the North Atlantic between Greenland, Iceland and the UK. The ultimate goal is to secretly approach the east coast of the United States in order to practice a missile strike on ground targets in the United States.
Russian Navy intends to catch up with US strategic submarine fleet.
First of all, the question is: even if this is the case, if the intelligence of the alliance was not mistaken, and our boats, in fact and in voiced numbers, were torn for a couple of months to the shores of the United States – what’s so surprising? Indeed, on August 2, 2019, on the initiative of the Americans, the Treaty on the Limitation of Intermediate and Shorter-Range Missiles, concluded between our country and the United States in December 1987, ceased to exist.
For many years, this document has been the main obstacle to the return of Europe to the critical situation since the Cold War. This is when hundreds of medium-range nuclear missiles were deployed on both sides along the line of confrontation between the forces of the North Atlantic Alliance and the Warsaw Treaty.
From Russian side – ballistic missiles of the Temp-S, Pioneer and Oka complexes, as well as the latest RK-55 Relief cruise missiles. On the NATO side are the American ballistic missiles MGM-31A Pershing IA (1969), MGM-31C Pershing-2 (1983) and the winged BGM-109G Gryphon (ground modification of the Tomahawk missile). Their flight time to the goals was only tens of minutes. In the event of a sudden blow, politicians in the countries of both blocs did not have time to figure it out: was this already a new global war and should we press the “red buttons” in response? Or did a computer crash just happen? Or did the space reconnaissance satellite equipment fail?
In short: in the fateful situation nobody on Earth had simpel no time to read or sing “The International” or to say prayers. What sharply increased, since nothing else can be done is the temptation to strike first.
The situation for all of humanity looked monstrously risky. Awareness of this on both sides of the ocean gave rise to the very INF Treaty, which Washington now decided to slam for some reason. But why? Simple logic proves that a return to the situation of the 80s of the last century in Europe is now again possible. Only at a higher technological level. And, it is very likely that American missiles will soon be located not somewhere behind West Berlin. And, say, in Poland or in the Baltic states. Then the shortage of time to make a decision for Moscow will be reduced by several times in comparison with what it was even forty years ago.
The arsenal of our retaliatory military measures is not so great. And everything has already been tested in the 80s.
Then, let me remind you, regular patrols by Russian strategic bombers with cruise missiles along the very edge of the US airborne borders began. Several ground-based launchers of nuclear “Pioneers” we urgently put on combat duty in underground shelters in Chukotka. Finally, just starting in 1984, the exclusively low-noise Soviet multipurpose nuclear submarines of Project 971 Shchuka-B came to production, and began to enter the Northern Fleet, the Americans suddenly began to discover them simply at their fingertips.
For example, in the Gulf of Mexico. And each such «Shchuka» ( means «Pike») in its torpedo tubes carried strategic nuclear cruise missiles of the S-10 Granat complex with a firing range of up to 2.5 thousand kilometers. The coordinates of the largest administrative and industrial centers of the United States were introduced in advance into the guidance systems of the Grenades.
Most probably terrible for the States: their global missile defense system in many circumstances was powerless against this underwater threat from the USSR. In particular, according to Admiral Jeremy Burda, who was the chief of the operational headquarters of the US Navy in those years, American ships were not able to detect the Pike-B, which goes at a depth of 6-9 knots. The hydrophones of SOSUS (the hydroacoustic anti-submarine system of the USA deployed in the North Atlantic at the borders of the North Cape Bear and Greenland-Iceland-Faroe Islands-Great Britain) also criminally “slept” when Soviet quietest “Pike-B” sneaked over them.
Then, when the INF Treaty was signed, Project 941 boats, combined into the 24th division of the Northern Fleet, did not disappear. Only “Grenades”, in agreement with the Americans, were unloaded. But not far – to the arsenal near the piers.
The commander of one of the Shchuka-B of the 24th division – the nuclear submarine Cheetah – the captain of the 1st rank Dmitry Kosolapov, said the remembered words, which turned out to be, apparently, alas, prophetic: “We’ve unloaded grenades on the beach. But they will only order – in a few hours I will take them back to my torpedo compartment And again I can go to the States. ”
It was in 2000s.
Apparently, the very dangerous time is approaching in the world when it is time again to load the old Grenades onto Russian boats. And along with them (or – instead of them, since our time does not stand still) – much more effective Caliber-PL cruise missiles.
But that’s the trouble. According to open sources, of the six Shchuka-Bs of the 24th division of the Northern Fleet’s nuclear submarines, only Cheetah has remained in service today. It is very likely that it turned out to be one of those eight (according to NATO and there are reasonable doubts, but more on that below) of the nuclear submarines whose decisive and sudden breakthrough into the North Atlantic alarmed the West in October.
A heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser can be launched “under the knife” and then the deck aircraft will come to an end.
Then who went out with Cheetah for the company? Almost certainly – the newest and most modern of our multi-purpose nuclear submarines of project 885 K-560 Severodvinsk. And almost certainly – with cruise missiles with a non-nuclear warhead for hitting ground targets 3M14K Caliber-PL (firing range along the coast – up to 1.5 thousand kilometers).
Who else was able to form that submarine squad last October that put the whole of NATO on its ears? The range of options in the Northern Fleet is astonishingly small. Since the list of submarines located there with our combat formation is extremely small.
So – two nuclear submarines of Project 945A (B-336 Pskov and B-534 Nizhny Novgorod). Both also with winged Grenades.
Further, for the lack of a better one, we simply have to count the two remaining in the ranks of Project 949A multipurpose nuclear-powered submarines (K-266 Orel and K-410 Smolensk) with 24 P-700 Granit cruise missiles each.
Yes, initially these missiles with 750 kg warheads were intended primarily for firing at aircraft carriers. But in 2016, just “Smolensk” unexpectedly for many and for the first time in history from a submerged position successfully fired precisely with such weapons at a training coastal target on the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. Thus, having proved that in case of an acute shortage of underwater carriers of the “Grenades” with the “Caliber”, to create an adequate threat to the American territory, the heavy “Granites” can also fit.
We believe that those who, at the General Staff three years ago, posed Smolensk a task so atypical for it, at least predicted that the Americans would soon leave the INF Treaty. And to create a large-scale threat to America, they were forced to poke on the not so impressive in this case the combat potential of the Northern Fleet and its “anti-aircraft”, in fact, project 949A nuclear missile submarine cruisers.
What else from the Kolsky Peninsula were we able to equip in the October breakthrough? Multipurpose nuclear submarine of project 971RTMK Obninsk. Also with the “Grenades.”
Why is it necessary to build residential buildings instead of airplanes on the site of the Antonov state-owned enterprise?
That s all. As they say – the calculation is over. In October, the Northern Fleet simply could not send any of its multi-purpose nuclear-powered ships with cruise missiles to the North Atlantic. The rest did not go to sea for a long time, since they are under repair, in reserve, etc.
As for the stragetists — the subs with strategic missiles … Those in general have no sense to be sent to such a thing. Because with their ballistic and intercontinental «Sineva» and «Bulava» («Blues» and «Clubs») they are able to hit the enemy from anywhere. Even from under the ice, at least from their own pier. So rush to the States for them does not make any sense.
But if there were no “strategists” in that world-famous breakthrough, then even eight nuclear submarines cannot be counted. Seven – no more. And that – only on the condition that in October the Northern Fleet managed to shove practically all of its underwater carriers of cruise missiles into the ocean by the bestial effort of forces, which could be useful in this – it is completely obvious! – Washington’s edifying long hike. The main goal of which, as can be assumed, was exclusively political. Namely: to allow ourselves to discover at the transition, and thereby remind the Americans that we are able to repeat the military-political nightmare of the 80s for them.
That means – in this way, to offer the United States an additional incentive to start new negotiations on the development of the INF Treaty-2. And try to leave the new deployment of medium-range ground-based missiles in Europe.
Judging by the commotion that has risen in NATO and still will not settle down in any way, our submariners have completed the task. It is up to diplomats and politicians. But it seems that in Washington they bit a bit. The missiles that were previously banned by the INF Treaty there today began to “bake” at some simply feverish pace.
On December 12, 2019, the Pentagon launched the first ballistic missile test launch from the Vandenberg Air Force Base, which was expressly prohibited by the previous agreements that were thrown into the basket by the Americans. And on December 16, Colonel General Sergei Karakaev, the commander of our Strategic Missile Forces, said that before the beginning of 2020, the Americans intend to test two more types of medium-range ground-based missiles. One of them will be a cruise missile with a range of more than 1,000 km. The second – with a range of more than 3,000 km. Such missiles can be equipped, according to General Karakaev, including nuclear warheads.
So we are waiting for an answer from the Russian Ministry of Defense. Including – and with regard to the promotion of Russian nuclear submarines to the US coast. With this, we should soon become easier. Sevmash recently announced that in 2020 it plans to surrender to the Russian Navy two more modern multi-purpose nuclear powered ships of Project 885 Ash with Caliber cruise missiles – the Kazan and Novosibirsk submarines. Then, however, the Doomsday atomic submarine of project 09852 Belgorod should also go into operation. In other words, the first carrier of unmanned aerial vehicles of the Poseidon type.
Perhaps it was the commissioning of Belgorod that could be Moscow’s decisive argument in the struggle to conclude a new INF Treaty. Unless, of course, the Americans agree that this is even more serious than the impressive October performance of the “Northern Fleet team” in the North Atlantic and the Norwegian Sea.