Kiev mines in the Sea of Azov. The Ukrainian naval war with Russia and the Donbass?

The naval forces of Ukraine will soon begin deep mining along the coast of the Sea of Azov in the country. This was reported in the press center of the so-called. “Operations of the combined forces” (OOS).


With the ship-boat composition of the Triton tactical group, an algorithm of calculation actions for loading sea bottom mines on the ship has already been worked out. And the crew of the small armored artillery boat Lubny completed a combat exercise.


After practical training, the ships will go to sea “to establish minefields along the airborne hazardous section of the coast of the Sea of ​​Azov.”


Recall that in early December, Kiev reported on the formation of a new surface forces division in the Sea of ​​Azov, which will be based in the ports of Berdyansk and Mariupol. This was reported by the “Ukrainian Militaristic Portal” with reference to the statement of the Navy Commander Igor Voronchenko.


At the moment, the naval formation includes the search and rescue ship Donbass, the tugboat Korets and two small armored artillery boats – Lubny and Kremenchug. At the same time, it is expected that the composition of the division will expand due to the commissioning of new ships.


In September last year, the Donbass departed from the Western Naval Base of the Ukrainian Navy in Odessa to Berdyansk, where they, as reported in Kiev, should become the basis of the newly created Ukrainian naval base on the Sea of ​​Azov .


It is interesting that these vessels passed through the Kerch Strait in accordance with all the rules and successfully reached the goal. And two months later, the boats “Berdyansk” and “Nikopol”, as well as the tugboat “Yana Kapu” tried to break through in violation of the rules, for which they were detained by the FSB of Russia and stayed in the Crimea for almost a year. As a result, Russia gave them as a gesture of goodwill, which in Ukraine was regarded as a “grand victory”. In December, it was also reported that all three vessels could join the new division in the Sea of ​​Azov.


You can, of course, laugh at the Ukrainian amusing “fleet”, but we are still talking about military vessels with weapons that can create some problems for civil and commercial shipping. Moreover, mines …


– When I heard this news, at first I thought that the Kiev naval commanders got drunk to the white elephants, – says Alexander Dmitrievsky, historian, publicist, and permanent expert at the Izborsk Club.


– What kind of deep mining in the Sea of ​​Azov can be discussed if its maximum depth is only 14 meters?


As for the airborne hazardous areas, if we take into account the peculiarities of the bottom topography of the Sea of ​​Azov, Berdyansk should be considered the most dangerous direction for Ukraine, which gives control over the fairway. Not all of us imagine that the steamer that left the mouth of the Don, to the Kerch Strait, first goes west along the northern coast and only after passing the beam Berdyansk turns south. After all, it is only on the water surface that the Taganrog Bay is bounded by the Belosarayskaya spit – from the north and the Dolgaya – from the south, and under the water from the Dolgaya spit to the Berdyansk spit a sandbank stretches, creating a kind of “dressing room”.



– And whose landing Ukraine awaits on the Sea of ​​Azov? If Russian, then why is this done only in the sixth year of the so-called. “War”?


– In this regard, I recommend that you turn to a psychiatrist for a comment, because the dream of reason in the inflamed consciousness of neo-Bandera strategists is far beyond my understanding.


– How serious are serious sea clashes possible in the event of a new large-scale war, and are you ready for this in the DPR?


– In the waters of the Sea of Azov – definitely not, because the Ukrainian squadron located there looks too much like a mosquito fleet of pirates of the Gulf of Guinea or the coast of the Horn of Africa, and the loss of the Kerch Strait will not allow Kiev to increase the fleet in this direction to the necessary requirements.


– What will really give this mining in military terms? What are these actions fraught with in reality? Can they affect civil shipping, fisheries?


– Militarily, this mining will not do anything: any minefields are neutralized, because they are set either as a means against a surprise attack, or to delay the advance of the enemy. In addition, a mine is always set up with the expectation that the enemy will appear soon: otherwise it is simply an unjustified expenditure of ammunition. In addition, the shelf life of sea mines is less than that of land mines.


But these minefields can interfere with shipping and fishing with a very high degree of probability: the pirate tricks of Ukrainian sailors showed all the unprincipledness of Kiev in this matter.


– Can we somehow prohibit them from doing this or otherwise interfere?

– The main problem is that no prohibitions on the Ukrainian government are in effect: if the order of the Western masters is received, they will be broken in Kiev, but they will execute it. And the adventure in the Kerch Strait is a clear confirmation of this. The planned mining of the water area is, first of all, another anti-Russian provocation. After all, the Sea of ​​Azov is common to two countries: it is impossible to fairly divide it either along the fairway or along the lines between coastal sections.


– Airborne-hazardous areas are places on the coast where it is convenient to land amphibious assaults and which are difficult to defend because of the flat terrain, – explains Mikhail Alexandrov, a leading expert at the Center for Military-Political Research at MGIMO.


– Ukraine is waiting for the Russian landing in case of resumption of hostilities in the Donbass. They have always been waiting for this since 2014. They even mined part of the coast on Azov. But we have an automatic mine clearance technique. Serious sea clashes are ruled out due to the lack of a capable Navy in Kiev.


– What can be deep mining in the shallow Sea of ​​Azov?


– We are talking about bottom mines that do not float on the surface, but lie at the bottom. They are more difficult to detect and destroy. As the ship approaches, these mines come up and explode. But there are systems for detecting and remotely detonating these mines.


– Can mining affect civil shipping and fisheries?


– These mines can undermine any ship, including civilian, unless, of course, they are radio-controlled. In any case, this poses a threat to civil shipping, primarily Ukraine itself.


Five years later, American cruisers and aircraft carriers can anchor at Sevastopol.

– What practical actions can Moscow answer?


– We cannot ban mining in territorial waters from a formal legal point of view. However, we can raise this issue internationally by accusing Ukraine of a threat to maritime shipping. Based on this argument, we can introduce a naval blockade of the Azov coast of Ukraine. Conduct its own clearance of the water area, sink the Ukrainian mine production vessels, impose sanctions against Ukrainian officials involved in this case. Unfortunately, our authorities pursue a rather sluggish policy towards Ukraine and thereby encourage its aggressive actions.


  • In early December, Ukraine announced that it had formed a new surface forces division in the Sea of ​​Azov, which will be based in the ports of Berdyansk and Mariupol. This is not the first year they have been creating a “fleet” there. Will the goals be achieved?
  • The Ukrainian fleet is more virtual than real. Russia can neutralize it within a few hours.