On the night of July 1, Israeli aircraft launched a massive strike on Syrian territory. The target of Tel Aviv began from Damascus, as well as located one hundred and fifty kilometers north of Homs. As a result of this perfidy, 21 people received injuries of varying degrees of severity. There are dead. According to Syrian media, four people were killed by Israel, one of the victims being a child. This suggests that Tel Aviv each time “raises the stakes” – now Netanyahu is no longer hiding behind the need to confront the “Iranian threat”, now he is simply spreading Syria to pieces. Well, it is obvious that this is a challenge, and it is directed, including to Russia.
It is reported that the blow was made from the airspace of Lebanon. So Israeli pilots are trying to make themselves inaccessible to the Syrian air defense systems. As far as we know, they do it very well. What are the causes of this attack?
Yesterday, a few hours before the start of the raid, the Israeli geospatial intelligence company ImageSat International published satellite images showing that the Russian S-300 systems are deployed near the town of Masyaf, several dozen kilometers from the attacked Homs. The images provided by ImageSat show four Russian S-300 complexes with a deployed radar system. It seems that this was the cause of Israeli aggression. The fact is that Masjaf is a town in the mountainous part of the province of Hama. The surrounding areas are well visible from it, but it, in turn, is clearly visible. In fact, having placed the S-300 in Masjaf, Damascus sent a signal to everyone – they say, some of the best air defense systems are already on the defense of our territory. Tel Aviv, obviously, was upset by such a boorish challenge, and therefore decided to indicate to Assad and Co., who is really in charge here, and who has the best military equipment in the region.
The second day in a row the Syrian armed forces are fighting with the guards of the Islamic revolution for Meyadin.
Yes, the IDF attack is similar to mockery – no one touched the S-300 themselves, but most of the Israeli rockets struck right in front of these air defense missile systems. Once again the question arises – are Russian complexes ineffective against Israeli missiles? Or perhaps they were not used again for some reason? The latest version dominates in the Israeli media – it is believed that these complexes are seriously overvalued and are suitable only for display.
Russian military expert Alexei Leonkov believes that the majority of Israel’s missiles were shot down, but the S-300s were hardly involved.
- First, the strike was delivered from the airspace of Lebanon. Israel loves this direction, especially loves to use the Bekaa Valley, which is covered from several sides by mountain ranges. This allows the aircraft to effectively hide, as a result of which it is possible to strike with long-range missiles. I heard that this is almost the most massive attack of the IDF, but there were not so many victims. Could be more. This suggests that most of the missiles were still shot down. Secondly, it should be noted that these S-300 complexes in question are located poorly. In the highlands. In the highlands you need to take into account a few nuances. You need to know how to properly place the complexes, where to put the radar to eliminate the appearance of invisibility zones. If such zones are still formed, then they should be covered with other air defense systems. Only in this way can the probability of hitting the S-300 itself be minimized, and only in this way can it effectively cope with its tasks. It is difficult to say whether the Syrians have been trained in all this, but from history we see that they made similar mistakes earlier. For example, during the fighting in the Golan Heights a serious mistake was made – the air defense systems in the mountainous terrain were set so that EW planes of Israel could fly up to them and deliver interference. At the same time, everyone should also understand that Israeli intelligence is working effectively.
This can be traced back to the example of those two destroyed “Shells”. At the moment when the IDF attacked these complexes, the pilots were well aware that they were not active and with a discharged ammunition load. It is obvious that the Israeli military tracked these “armor”. This suggests that the underestimation of the Israeli air reconnaissance will sooner or later be sideways.
Israel is working methodically and in terms of military equipment in front of many, for example, on UAVs it is not inferior to the Americans. Therefore, in order to avoid major problems, it is necessary to competently build an air defense system in the most dangerous areas, and not just according to the principle – the higher you set, the farther I see. No, that will not work. Radar antennas do not look down. From five to ten meters from the surface are invisible – therefore, if you raise the antennas up the mountain, then you should add the height of the mountain to these 5-10 meters. The so-called invisibility cone is formed. Of course, the range of the antenna with increasing height increases, but at close range, it may be generally ineffective. And even if it is a supercomplex, nothing will save it if the military do not take into account all these factors when deploying. Often, airplanes fly at extremely low altitudes and launch rockets from there. By the way, Israel makes very good air-to-ground missiles. So the IDF, knowing about the weaknesses of the Syrian air defense, uses all the gaps and from time to time effectively strikes. In this case, with absolute impunity.
– So, and the S-300 themselves were involved or not?
– I think that in this case they were not applied. This is still a long-range complex, and it works mainly on large targets. If the S-300 were used, at least a plane would have been shot down. Most likely, just the BUKs, Pantsir s, well, and if you take into account the Cypriot news, then C-200, although C-200 and C-300, as I said, usually work on planes or other large targets, ballistic missiles.