It happens that a guest has come to you, he needs to give some kind of attention, well, give something, but the gift is not in advance in store. Then you choose something less valuable for yourself, any knickknack, perhaps not even belonging to you, and you solemnly present with the words: “I tear it from my heart.” A similar situation occurred, it seems, at the current meeting of US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the White House. The generous host said good-bye, “Wait a minute, I almost forgot – take the Golan,” and signed a document recognizing Israeli sovereignty over the Golan heights. Netanyahu almost fell in surprise from the stairs, but managed to mutter: “Israel has never had a better friend than you,” and withdrew, gently pressing the gift to his chest.
Actually, what about the Golan Heights? This is part of Syria’s border with Israel, which the Jewish state occupied during the Six-Day War in the summer of 1967. In 1981, Tel Aviv declared the annexation of the Golan Heights, but no one in the world recognized this, and the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 497, which states that the international community does not recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan. Nothing has changed even now, after Trump’s “gift” – the United Nations still considers this territory a part of Syria. There were no words of support for the American president from the countries of the European Union, where the negative reaction comes mostly from France and the UK, indicating that the implementation of such an initiative would contradict the norms of international law.
Turkish President Recep Erdogan spoke even more sharply, noting that Trump’s call put the region on the brink of a new crisis. Ankara intends to raise the issue of the Golan Heights at the next UN General Assembly. The League of Arab States and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation made the most resolute condemnations of the decision of the President of the United States.
– The desire to give legitimacy to the Israeli occupation has become a new trend in American politics, which demonstrates the full protection of the United States of the desires and aspirations of Israel, and the Arabs reject such an approach, – say the leaders of the Arab League, who intend to respond by adopting a resolution at the organization’s summit in Tunisia.
Strange as it may sound, the Golan Heights, at least the part of them that Israel controls, are now living very calmly. Suffice it to say that this region is visited annually by more than 2 million tourists from the Israeli state itself and abroad, and the ski resort on Mount Hermon is very popular. Unlike the territory of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the non-Jewish population in the Golan is sparse, and the Druze (national minority) who live here tend to be loyal to Israel and its policies. And although the question of possible negotiations between Israel and Syria on the issue of the Golan Heights has a long history, it is supported by international initiatives and sooner or later may be translated into some kind of compromise
Trump is certainly hit. And he recognized the Golan Heights as Israeli, not from the generosity of his soul, but with purely pragmatic goals, like a true businessman. Here are the early elections to the Knesset (April 9, 2019), in which Netanyahu with the slogan “Our Golan!” Has now significantly increased the chances of retaining his post as prime minister, and Israel’s broader engagement into armed confrontation with Syria, and through it with Iran . Trump does not want to get bogged down in the Syrian conflict, but he has the syndrome of a suitcase without a handle here: it is hard to bear and quit sorry. The owner of Capitol Hill believes that the Israelis, who are now partly involved in ground operations from airborne bombing attacks on objects in Syria, will be puffed up. It is clear that under the general leadership of the United States.
Returning from Washington with the Golan under his arm, which again threatened to become a hotbed of armed conflict, Netanyahu immediately fell into the “long-standing” war – in the Gaza Strip.
On March 25, the Israeli army began striking Hamas targets throughout the Gaza Strip in response to rocket fire, which injured seven Israelis in the Mishmeret settlement in central Israel. The situation is reminiscent of events a year ago, when on March 30, at the call of Hamas, tens of thousands of Palestinians reached the border of the sector with Israel on the so-called “Great March of Return”. Then, 30 Palestinians, including civilians, were killed in clashes at the sector’s border. Now, judging by the powerful shelling from Israel, the conflict is rapidly developing into a full-scale military operation.
The Gaza Strip for Israel is a long-standing headache, more than the territory of the West Bank, and even bigger problem are the Golan Heights. Here, even the recognition of this territory by Israel from the US will not help – the Arab part of the population does not intend to give up and will continue to resist an.
It is claimed (primarily in the United States) that Russia is providing support to Hamas and Hezbollah’s weapons, thanks to which these militarized organizations are engaged in hostilities with Israel. At the same time, not a single fact of detecting the presence of modern Russian weapons in the territories controlled by them has been found, and of the existing ones only old samples of missiles. But in Syria, which can become an active participant in the “battle for the Golan,” weapons from the Russian Federation are supplied, including the S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems. A large stock of Russian weapons is available in the Syrian army and from previous arms supplies, and these are operational tactical missiles, T-72 tanks in modern modification and a number of other armored vehicles, Su-24 fighter-bombers, MiG-29 fighters, and multiple rocket launchers. Grad “,” Uragan”,” Smerch”.
It is possible that the S-300 SAM systems will be used over the Golan Heights, which were delivered in response to the Russian Il-20 reconnaissance aircraft “framed” by Israeli fighters in the skies of Syria (15 people were killed). Now this anti-aircraft missile system initiated by Moscow in repelling Israeli air attacks on military targets in Syria is not used for “political reasons”. It is likely that this prohibition may be lifted if the conflict in the Golan Heights escalates.