A game for promotion

why did Tehran give an ultimatum to European countries?

Iran has voiced the conditions that European countries need to fulfill in order to preserve the nuclear deal. In particular, the authorities of the Islamic Republic require the UK, France and Germany to adopt a resolution condemning Washington’s policy with regard to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). According to experts, Tehran deliberately increases rates, trying to force the three states of Europe to go against American partners.

In his Twitter, Supreme Leader Khamenei warned Europeans about the need to “prove that they will not behave dishonestly and unreliable”, as was the case during the 2004-2005 talks on the Iranian nuclear program.

“Over the course of two years, the United States has violated the JCPOA several times (the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – RT), while the Europeans remained silent,” the Ayatollah said.

Now, to confirm its commitment to the agreements concluded in 2015, the UK, France and Germany, it is necessary to fulfill a number of conditions. First, the European powers must condemn Washington’s policy by adopting the relevant resolution, and secondly, to guarantee that they will not make any attempts to influence the Iranian missile program.

In addition, European countries are required to ensure the sale of Iranian oil and oppose US sanctions decisions. Khamenei has mentioned the financial sector as well: European banks should guarantee the conduct of transactions with Iranian companies. If the European Union does not agree to meet these conditions, Iran will withdraw from the JCPOA and resume its nuclear program.

On May 23, the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ali Akbar Salehi, reported on the republic’s ability to quickly deploy a nuclear program at a level that was before the signing of the SVAP.

According to the head of the Center for German Studies at the Institute of Europe Vladislav Belov, Tehran’s statement is a natural reaction of a strong negotiator.

“Iran today offers the EU either to persuade its American partners, or to go against them in order to preserve the deal,” the expert said in an interview with RT. “If Tehran exits the program, the markets will be significantly destabilized, oil prices have already jumped, which is not in Europe’s favor.”

As explained by Belov, Tehran shows that he has his Trump cards in this difficult party, and declares his readiness to withdraw from the deal and return to another tough period of sanctions.

“Tehran is going all-in, putting the Europeans in a rather difficult situation. On the other hand, this step of Iran will allow Europe to deserve to surrender to the American pressure, explaining this by the fact that IRI itself took too harsh a position. Now everyone is playing for promotion, “the expert said in an interview with RT.

“The nuclear deal with Iran was probably their biggest geopolitical achievement in the last decade and a half, it is very dear to them because of high economic interest,” the expert believes.

A joint comprehensive action plan  was signed by Tehran and six countries Рthe USA, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany Рin the summer of 2015. In accordance with the agreement, Iran pledged not to produce or distribute nuclear weapons in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. Barack Obama, who was then the head of the White House, called the signing of the JCPOA a great success of American diplomacy. According to the politician, the only alternative to this plan could be another large war in the Middle East.

Donald Trump, who was actively criticizing the Iranian deal during the pre-election campaign, on May 8, 2018, announced the US withdrawal from the agreement. Moreover, the American side intends to extend the sanctions not only to Iran, but also to those foreign companies that will cooperate with the Iranian business.

Washington’s policy provoked outrage in the Old World: European companies have already reached a number of agreements with the Iranian side, the break of these agreements threatens serious losses. An example is the contract for the delivery of 118 Airbus aircraft to Iran, signed by the parties in 2016. The amount of the contract is $ 25 billion.

“These sanctions are called extraterritorial, and they thus have a direct impact on a number of French and European companies. This makes the United States an economic gendarme of the planet, and I think this is an unacceptable situation, “the minister said.

After withdrawing from the deal on the Iranian nuclear program, Washington continued its attempts to exert pressure on Tehran. On May 21, the US State Department head, Mike Pompeo, presented a list of conditions that Iran could hope to reconsider the deal with the American leadership. The State Department list contains 12 items. In addition to the items that directly concern the nuclear program, Iran should, in the opinion of the White House, stop its program for the development of ballistic missiles. In addition, in order to only enter into negotiations with Washington, the Iranian side must give up any activity

in the region.

We are talking, in particular, about stopping support for “terrorist groups”, under which Washington and Tel Aviv, as a rule, mean Lebanese “Hezbollah.” Also, the great irritation of the United States provokes the growing Iranian-Iraqi ties – for this reason the State Department has demanded from Tehran “to respect the sovereignty of the Iraqi government.” Earlier, the incumbent American president accused Iran of having ties even with Al-Qaeda. Although this version often appears in American feature films, it is completely untrue, experts underline. Al-Qaeda acted as an archenemy of the IRI throughout its history. According to experts, the European Union is in a difficult situation today, undergoing severe blackmail from the US. As US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on May 22, the White House has already warned the EU of the intention of the United States to apply secondary sanctions against European companies that were seen in business relations with the IRI. Earlier, speaking at a press conference following the EU summit – the Western Balkans, the head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker reported on the launch of the “blocking law” of 1996 from May 18. The mechanism is aimed at protecting European companies from US sanctions. However, European leaders doubt the full effectiveness of the measures can be taken. During her official visit to China, German Chancellor Angela Merkel admitted that some European companies will still have to leave Iran because of US sanctions. European governments will not be able to protect their business from US sanctions. Despite all the attractiveness of economic cooperation with Iran, the disruption of business ties with the US will be too hard for the European economy. Recall, the United States accounts for about 20% of European exports: “Threats sounded by the United States are of great importance for the EU. Americans are quite capable of “punishing” European companies today, while in the case of Iran, it is more about prospects,” Belov believes. As the expert noted, the fundamental reason for such a position of the EU lies in the fact that Europeans, while in conflict with Russia, have no alternative.

If European trade and political relations were more diversified, then the EU authorities could speak with Americans from other positions. As for the political consequences, then, if European countries now go against the US, it will simply show the whole world – India, China, and even the US itself – what place Europe really takes now.